class Gem::Package

Attributes

checksums[R]

Checksums for the contents of the package

files[R]

The files in this package. This is not the contents of the gem, just the files in the top-level container.

security_policy[RW]

The security policy used for verifying the contents of this package.

spec[W]

Sets the Gem::Specification to use to build this package.

Public Class Methods

build(spec, skip_validation=false) click to toggle source
# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 105
def self.build spec, skip_validation=false
  gem_file = spec.file_name

  package = new gem_file
  package.spec = spec
  package.build skip_validation

  gem_file
end
new(gem) click to toggle source

Creates a new Gem::Package for the file at gem.

If gem is an existing file in the old format a Gem::Package::Old will be returned.

Calls superclass method
# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 121
def self.new gem
  return super unless Gem::Package == self
  return super unless File.exist? gem

  start = File.read gem, 20

  return super unless start
  return super unless start.include? 'MD5SUM ='

  Gem::Package::Old.new gem
end

Public Instance Methods

add_checksums(tar) click to toggle source

Adds a checksum for each entry in the gem to checksums.yaml.gz.

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 153
def add_checksums tar
  Gem.load_yaml

  checksums_by_algorithm = Hash.new { |h, algorithm| h[algorithm] = {} }

  @checksums.each do |name, digests|
    digests.each do |algorithm, digest|
      checksums_by_algorithm[algorithm][name] = digest.hexdigest
    end
  end

  tar.add_file_signed 'checksums.yaml.gz', 0444, @signer do |io|
    gzip_to io do |gz_io|
      YAML.dump checksums_by_algorithm, gz_io
    end
  end
end
build(skip_validation = false) click to toggle source

Builds this package based on the specification set by spec=

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 220
  def build skip_validation = false
    Gem.load_yaml
    require 'rubygems/security'

    @spec.mark_version
    @spec.validate unless skip_validation

    setup_signer

    open @gem, 'wb' do |gem_io|
      Gem::Package::TarWriter.new gem_io do |gem|
        add_metadata gem
        add_contents gem
        add_checksums gem
      end
    end

    say <<-EOM
  Successfully built RubyGem
  Name: #{@spec.name}
  Version: #{@spec.version}
  File: #{File.basename @spec.cache_file}
EOM
  ensure
    @signer = nil
  end
contents() click to toggle source

A list of file names contained in this gem

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 250
def contents
  return @contents if @contents

  verify unless @spec

  @contents = []

  open @gem, 'rb' do |io|
    gem_tar = Gem::Package::TarReader.new io

    gem_tar.each do |entry|
      next unless entry.full_name == 'data.tar.gz'

      open_tar_gz entry do |pkg_tar|
        pkg_tar.each do |contents_entry|
          @contents << contents_entry.full_name
        end
      end

      return @contents
    end
  end
end
extract_files(destination_dir, pattern = "*") click to toggle source

Extracts the files in this package into destination_dir

If pattern is specified, only entries matching that glob will be extracted.

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 309
def extract_files destination_dir, pattern = "*"
  verify unless @spec

  FileUtils.mkdir_p destination_dir

  open @gem, 'rb' do |io|
    reader = Gem::Package::TarReader.new io

    reader.each do |entry|
      next unless entry.full_name == 'data.tar.gz'

      extract_tar_gz entry, destination_dir, pattern

      return # ignore further entries
    end
  end
end
gzip_to(io) { |gz_io| ... } click to toggle source

Gzips content written to gz_io to io.

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 373
def gzip_to io # :yields: gz_io
  gz_io = Zlib::GzipWriter.new io, Zlib::BEST_COMPRESSION
  gz_io.mtime = @build_time

  yield gz_io
ensure
  gz_io.close
end
read_checksums(gem) click to toggle source

Reads and loads checksums.yaml.gz from the tar file gem

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 438
def read_checksums gem
  Gem.load_yaml

  @checksums = gem.seek 'checksums.yaml.gz' do |entry|
    Zlib::GzipReader.wrap entry do |gz_io|
      YAML.load gz_io.read
    end
  end
end
setup_signer() click to toggle source

Prepares the gem for signing and checksum generation. If a signing certificate and key are not present only checksum generation is set up.

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 452
def setup_signer
  passphrase = ENV['GEM_PRIVATE_KEY_PASSPHRASE']
  if @spec.signing_key then
    @signer = Gem::Security::Signer.new @spec.signing_key, @spec.cert_chain, passphrase
    @spec.signing_key = nil
    @spec.cert_chain = @signer.cert_chain.map { |cert| cert.to_s }
  else
    @signer = Gem::Security::Signer.new nil, nil, passphrase
    @spec.cert_chain = @signer.cert_chain.map { |cert| cert.to_pem } if
      @signer.cert_chain
  end
end
spec() click to toggle source

The spec for this gem.

If this is a package for a built gem the spec is loaded from the gem and returned. If this is a package for a gem being built the provided spec is returned.

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 472
def spec
  verify unless @spec

  @spec
end
verify() click to toggle source

Verifies that this gem:

  • Contains a valid gem specification

  • Contains a contents archive

  • The contents archive is not corrupt

After verification the gem specification from the gem is available from spec

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 488
def verify
  @files     = []
  @spec      = nil

  open @gem, 'rb' do |io|
    Gem::Package::TarReader.new io do |reader|
      read_checksums reader

      verify_files reader
    end
  end

  verify_checksums @digests, @checksums

  @security_policy.verify_signatures @spec, @digests, @signatures if
    @security_policy

  true
rescue Gem::Security::Exception
  @spec = nil
  @files = []
  raise
rescue Errno::ENOENT => e
  raise Gem::Package::FormatError.new e.message
rescue Gem::Package::TarInvalidError => e
  raise Gem::Package::FormatError.new e.message, @gem
end
verify_entry(entry) click to toggle source

Verifies entry in a .gem file.

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 538
def verify_entry entry
  file_name = entry.full_name
  @files << file_name

  case file_name
  when /\.sig$/ then
    @signatures[$`] = entry.read if @security_policy
    return
  else
    digest entry
  end

  case file_name
  when /^metadata(.gz)?$/ then
    load_spec entry
  when 'data.tar.gz' then
    verify_gz entry
  end
rescue => e
  message = "package is corrupt, exception while verifying: " +
            "#{e.message} (#{e.class})"
  raise Gem::Package::FormatError.new message, @gem
end
verify_files(gem) click to toggle source

Verifies the files of the gem

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 565
def verify_files gem
  gem.each do |entry|
    verify_entry entry
  end

  unless @spec then
    raise Gem::Package::FormatError.new 'package metadata is missing', @gem
  end

  unless @files.include? 'data.tar.gz' then
    raise Gem::Package::FormatError.new                'package content (data.tar.gz) is missing', @gem
  end
end

Protected Instance Methods

initialize(gem) click to toggle source

Creates a new package that will read or write to the file gem.

# File lib/rubygems/package.rb, line 136
def initialize gem # :notnew:
  @gem = gem

  @build_time      = Time.now
  @checksums       = {}
  @contents        = nil
  @digests         = Hash.new { |h, algorithm| h[algorithm] = {} }
  @files           = nil
  @security_policy = nil
  @signatures      = {}
  @signer          = nil
  @spec            = nil
end